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Study of gap and misalignment tolerances at hybrid laser arc welding of thick-walled steel with electromagnetic weld pool support system

: Üstündag, Ömer; Fritzsche, André; Avilov, Vjaceslav; Gumenyuk, Andrey; Rethmeier, Michael

Fulltext ()

Procedia CIRP 74 (2018), pp.757-760
ISSN: 2212-8271
International Conference on Photonic Technologies <10, 2018, Fürth>
Journal Article, Conference Paper, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IPK ()
hybrid laser arc welding; electromagnetic weld pool support; thick-walled steel; gap bridgeability; single pass welding; misalignment of edge

The hybrid laser arc welding (HLAW) process provides many advantages such as improved gap bridgeability, deep penetration and misalignment of edges, that is why the process is used increasingly in industrial applications e.g. shipbuilding, power plant industry and line-pipe manufacturing. The obvious encountered problem for single pass welding in flat position is the gravity drop-out at low welding velocities. With the usage of an electromagnetic weld pool support system, which is based on generating Lorentz forces within the weld pool, wide seams followed by reduced welding velocities could be achieved in this study leading to the realization of a gap bridgeability up to 1 mm, misalignment of edges up to 2 mm and a single pass weld up to 28 mm thickness with a 20-kW fibre laser. These developments expand the boundaries of the HLAW process for different industrial applications. As a result, less accurate preparation of the edges would be sufficient, which saves time for manufacturing.