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Beyond the modification degree: impact of raw material on physicochemical properties of gelatin type A and type B methacryloyls

: Sewald, Lisa; Claaßen, Christiane; Götz, Tobias; Claaßen, Marc H.; Truffault, Vincent; Tovar, Günter E.M.; Southan, Alexander; Borchers, Kirsten


Macromolecular bioscience 18 (2018), No.12, Art. 1800168, 10 pp.
ISSN: 1616-5187
ISSN: 1616-5195
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IGB ()

Gelatin methacryloyl (acetyl) (GM(A)) is increasingly investigated for various applications in life sciences and medicine, for example, drug release or tissue engineering. Gelatin type A and type B are utilized for GAM(A) and GBM(A) preparation, but the impact of gelatin raw material on modification reaction and resulting polymer properties is rather unknown so far. Therefore, the degrees of modification (DMA) and physicochemical properties of five GAM(A) and GBM(A) derivatives are compared: The degrees of methacryloylation (0.32–0.98 mmol g−1) are indistinguishable for GAM(A) and GBM(A) as are the sol‐gel temperatures. Isoelectric points, solution viscosities, and hydrodynamic radii which are distinct for GA and GB, converge with increasing DMA. Interestingly, differences are measured for the storage moduli and equilibrium degrees of swelling of respective GA and GB derivative‐based hydrogels, in spite of their comparable DMA. This underlines the importance of GM(A) characterization beyond the modification degree.