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Anodization of aluminum in highly viscous phosphoric acid. PART 1: Investigation of anodic oxide layers by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and in-situ electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (in-situ EIS)

: Berndt, Lissy; Kleemeier, Malte; Thiel, Karsten; Hartwig, Andreas; Burchardt, Malte


International journal of electrochemical science 13 (2018), pp.8867-8888
ISSN: 1452-3981
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IFAM ()
tape anodization; in-situ electrochemical impedance spectroscopy; SEM; viscous electrolyte; porous anodic oxide

A newly developed self-sticking tape which can be removed without residue facilitates local anodization on aluminum in cases of repair or re-work. The most prominent difference compared to conventional bath anodization is the exceptionally high viscosity of the electrolyte employed in the anodization tape. The impact of the highly viscous electrolyte on anodization is not yet known and was therefore investigated by SEM and in-situ electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (in-situ EIS). By employing cryo-SEM it could be shown that at the late stages of tape anodization (25 min at 25 V) products of the anodization process accumulate near the anodized surface and partly block it. According to XPS analysis, the blocking layer mainly consists of organic material originating from the tape adhesive, while the concentration of aluminium ions is relatively low. The high frequency part of the in-situ EIS was evaluated with respect to the electrical properties which commonly characterize the barrier layer of the anodic oxide, namely its resistance and capacitance. At the beginning, the values for tape anodization are in good agreement with the data for a conventional bath anodization process. However, large deviations were found for longer anodization times. These deviations could also be attributed to a partial blocking of the anodic oxide. Using a model originally proposed by Jüttner and Lorenz [12], the degree of coverage could be precisely determined from the in-situ EIS data. A good agreement with the coverage data from cryo-SEM was found.