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Nanoparticles and Nanosized Structures in Diagnostics and Therapy

: Jacob, L.J.; Deigner, H.-P.


Deigner, H.-P.; Kohl, M.:
Precision Medicine : Tools and Quantitative Approaches
Saint Louis: Elsevier Science, 2018
ISBN: 978-0-12-805433-8
ISBN: 978-0-12-805364-5
Book Article
Fraunhofer IZI ()

Nanoparticles can be used for various medical applications. Dependent on material, size, and shape, they can exhibit an enormous number of properties, and the number of their applications can be further multiplied by using the high surface-to-volume ratio for functionalization. It is not surprising that physicians, health-care providers, regulatory authorities, and pharmaceutical industry recognized this huge potential and implemented nanoparticles in all fields of diagnostic and therapy, from basic laboratory applications like ELISA and fluorescence microscopy over in vivo applications, for example, contrast agents for CT and MRI, to the design of precision cancer nanodrugs. This chapter gives an overview on various type-specific functionalities that can be used for therapy and medicine and later presents selected examples for applications in different fields of medicine.