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A detailed full-cell model of a 2018 commercial PERC solar cell in Quokka3

: Fell, Andreas; Altermatt, Pietro P.

Postprint urn:nbn:de:0011-n-5158062 (672 KByte PDF)
MD5 Fingerprint: 89ec279b15869f0e1f3bd150fb84cc23
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Created on: 7.11.2018

IEEE Journal of Photovoltaics 8 (2018), No.6, pp.1443-1448
ISSN: 2156-3381
ISSN: 2156-3403
European Commission EC
H2020-Marie Skłodowska-Curie Individual Fellowships (IF-EF) - Nurturing excellence by means of cross-border and cross-sector mobility; 655852; Quokka Maturation
A mature Quokka for everyone - advancing the capabilities and accessibility of numerical solar cell simulations
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer ISE ()
modeling; solar cell; PERC; Quokka; simulation; silicon; Photovoltaik; Silicium-Photovoltaik; Herstellung und Analyse von hocheffizienten Solarzellen

An unprecedented detailed model of a full-size passivated emitter and rear cell (PERC) solar cell design, as manufactured at a current Trina Solar production-line during ramp-up, is presented. Combining a newly proposed multidomain approach with the multiscale skin-concept of Quokka3, the 15.6 cm × 15.6 cm three-dimensional cell geometry including the details of the emitter skins can thoroughly be solved within a single simulation. The multidomain approach uses an inner and two edge domains as irreducible symmetry elements, each containing the unequal front and rear pitch, the dashed rear contacts, as well as part of the busbars and consequently the full finger resistance. The full-cell current density is then determined by simple area-averaging, opposed to the more complicated common approach of coupling it with a distributed network model. The multiscale skin approach enables to model all emitter parts of the PERC cell in detail (accounting for dopant profiles, front surface recombination, Fermi–Dirac statistics, etc.), whereas the other skin regions can still be described by their lumped properties, i.e., R sheet and J0 / S eff . A complete set of carefully established electrical and optical input parameters as well as a detailed loss breakdown is presented, providing fellow researchers with a point of reference for modeling a state-of-the-art PERC solar cell in 2018.