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Influence of solvent and lecithin in microencapsulation of fish oil by spray-drying

: Encina, C.; Vergara, C.; Márquez-Ruiz, G.; Holgado, F.; Robert, P.; Giménez, B.


RSC Advances 8 (2018), No.8, pp.4172-4181
ISSN: 2046-2069
Journal Article
Fraunhofer Chile Research - Centro para la Biotecnología de Sistemas ()

Fish oil (FO) was encapsulated by conventional spray-drying (FO-W-Lec) and by ethanol spray-drying, with FO incorporated as an oil-in-ethanol emulsion (with lecithin as emulsifier, FO-EtOH-Lec) or as an oil-in-ethanol dispersion (without lecithin, FO-EtOH). FO-EtOH-Lec and FO-W-Lec were obtained according to a central composite design, whereas FO-EtOH was prepared under optimal conditions. The optimal FO/hydroxypropylcellulose ratio was 1 : 4 for all FO-systems, but the optimal inlet gas temperature was lower for FO-EtOH and FO-EtOH-Lec (135 °C) than for FO-W-Lec (200 °C). The encapsulation efficiency (EE) for ethanol spray-drying (FO-EtOH-Lec, 81.1% and FO-EtOH, 80.4%) was higher than conventional spray-drying (71.1%). However, the FO stability was better for FO-EtOH-Lec, measured either by total oxidation compounds or by polymerization compounds. The FO released in aqueous models corresponded only to surface FO in all FO-systems, showing Fickian diffusion. Ethanol spray-drying is an alternative to conventional methods, increasing the EE values of FO. Furthermore, lecithin allows improving the FO stability when incorporated as an emulsifier in ethanol spray-drying.