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Discriminating toxicant classes by mode of action. 3. Substructure indicators

: Nendza, M.; Müller, M.


SAR and QSAR in Environmental Research 18 (2007), No.1-2, pp.155-168
ISSN: 1062-936X
ISSN: 1029-046X
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IME ()

Decision support for selecting suitable QSARs for predictive purposes is suggested by a stepwise procedure: The first tier pre-filters the compounds based on substructure indicators for baseline versus excess toxicity. This step, if sufficiently conservative, discriminates chemicals, whose toxicity can be reliably estimated from their log K(ind OW) from those, that require further classification by biological and chemical domain. A test set of 115 chemicals from 9 different MOA classes was used to compare the discriminatory power of several classification schemes based on substructure indicators. Performance, evaluated by contingency table statistics, is varied and no single scheme provides sufficient applicability and reliability for pre-filtering chemical inventories. Major improvements are feasible with combined use of three classification schemes: assignments of baseline toxicants are protective, recognition of excess toxicants is acceptable and applicability range increases favourably.