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Decrease of the surface pH of maple and the production of nitrate by three pulsed dielectric barrier discharges

: Peters, F.; Gelker, M.; Fleckenstein, M.; Militz, H.; Ohms, G.; Viöl, W.

Fulltext ()

Wood science and technology 52 (2018), No.6, pp.1495-1510
ISSN: 0043-7719
ISSN: 1432-5225
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IST ()

In this study, the influence of dielectric barrier discharges at atmospheric pressure on maple sapwood was analyzed. Three common discharge types, a coplanar surface barrier discharge (CSBD), a direct dielectric barrier discharge and a jet discharge/remote plasma, were realized by the same electrodes and power supply. In general, plasma treatments are known to modify various surface properties leading to improved adhesion. For resins such as urea formaldehyde, the curing behavior is dependent on the pH. Therefore, the change of the surface pH value of maple is measured. As the main product of plasma-generated nitrogen oxides, the nitrate concentrations and consequently the nitric acid concentrations of the surfaces were determined. A significant pH reduction from about pH 5.6 to pH 4.6 was reached after a 30 s plasma treatment. An increase in the nitrate concentration over the plasma treatment duration was measured for all three discharges with a maximum of 6.6 mg/L for the CSBD, which corresponds to a concentration of 8.25 mg per m² wooden surface.