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Gene network analysis of interstitial macrophages after treatment with induced pluripotent stem cells secretome (iPSC-cm) in the bleomycin injured rat lung

 
: Tamò, Luca; Simillion, Cedric; Hibaoui, Yousse; Feki, Anis; Gugger, Mathias; Prasse, Antje; Jäger, Benedikt; Goldmann, Torsten; Geiser, Thomas; Gazdhar, Amiq

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Fulltext urn:nbn:de:0011-n-5125085 (4.2 MByte PDF)
MD5 Fingerprint: af5a83fd198477e0cff784239d15d531
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Created on: 9.1.2019


Stem cell reviews and reports 14 (2018), No.3, pp.412-424
ISSN: 1550-8943
ISSN: 1558-6804
English
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer ITEM ()
lung fibrosis; macrophage; induced pluripotent stem cell; stem cell secretome

Abstract
Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a complex disease involving various cell types. Macrophages are essential in maintenance of physiological homeostasis, wound repair and fibrosis in the lung. Macrophages play a crucial role in repair and remodeling by altering their phenotype and secretory pattern in response to injury. The secretome of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC-cm) attenuates injury and fibrosis in bleomycin injured rat lungs. In the current study, we evaluate the effect of iPSC-cm on gene expression and phenotype of interstitial macrophage in bleomycin injured rat lungs in vivo. iPSC-cm was intratracheally instilled 7 days after bleomycin induced lung injury and assessed 7 days later and single cell isolation was performed. Macrophages were FACS sorted and microarray analysis was performed. We characterized changes in the rat lung interstitial macrophages using transcriptional profiling. iPSC-cm reduced the total collagen content of the lung and reduced different macrophage populations. Gene set enrichment analysis revealed involvement of three essential pathways (a) immune modulation, (b) branching morphogenesis and (c) canonical Wnt signaling. This study demonstrates that iPSC-cm reduces fibrosis in bleomycin injured rat lung by partially altering the macrophages and regulating their gene expression.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/documents/N-512508.html