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Influence of molecular parameters on the sink effect in test chambers

: Salthammer, T.; Uhde, E.


Indoor Air 16 (2006), No.2, pp.158-165
ISSN: 0905-6947
ISSN: 1600-0668
Journal Article
Fraunhofer WKI ()

The determination of the specific emission rates of individual products and materials under indoor-reluted conditions requires the use of climate-controlled emission test cliambers. However, most chambers demonstrate an inherent sink effect, i.e. the released components undergo adsorption/desorption processes with construction materials. Furthermore, this sink effect is enhanced by introducing an adsorbing sample surface into the test chamber. The degree of adsorption, as well as the extent of the recovery, can vary significantly for different chambers and samples and also depends on the physical properties of the relevant substance. Whereas the sink effect caused by the chamber itself can be reduced by using appropriate construction materials. it is not possible to avoid
the sink effect attributable to the actual sample. For this reason it is of importance to evaluate chambers and samples for possible sink effects, taking into consideration the physical properties of substances. This can be achieved by kinetic modeling of emission data aiid determilation of rate constants. The kinetic parameters obtained from curve fitting were combined with molecular parameters and applied to multivariate statistics. The properties of three different chambers with and without sink could be compared by cluster analysis. Principal component analysis revealed that the sink effect essentially depends on the boiling point of the substances examined.