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Thrombogenicity and long-term cytokine removal capability of a novel asymmetric triacetate membrane hemofilter

 
: Körtge, Andreas; Wild, Thomas; Heskamp, Benjamin; Folk, Manuel; Mitzner, Steffen; Wasserkort, Reinhold

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Journal of artificial organs 21 (2018), No.4, pp.435-442
ISSN: 1434-7229
ISSN: 1619-0904
English
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IZI ()
continuous renal replacement therapy; acute kidney injury; cytokine removal; membrane fouling; thrombogenicity

Abstract
Hemofilters applied in continuous renal replacement therapies (CRRTs) for the treatment of acute kidney injury must meet high standards in biocompatibility and permeability for middle and large molecules over extended treatment times. In general, cellulose-based membranes exhibit good biocompatibility and low fouling, and thus appear to be beneficial for CRRT. In this in vitro study, we compared a novel asymmetric cellulose triacetate (ATA) membrane with three synthetic membranes [polysulfone (PS), polyethersulfone (PES), and polyethylenimine-treated acrylonitrile/sodium methallyl sulfonate copolymer (AN69 ST)] regarding thrombogenicity and cytokine removal. For thrombogenicity assessment, we analyzed the thrombin–antithrombin complex (TAT) generation in human whole blood during 5 h recirculation and filtration. Sieving coefficients of interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-8, IL-10, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) were determined using human plasma as test fluid. ATA and AN69 ST membrane permeability were determined also during long-term experiments (48.5 h). ATA exhibited the lowest TAT generation (6.3 µg/L at 5 h), while AN69 ST induced a pronounced concentration increase (152.1 µg/L) and filter clogging during 4 out of 5 experiments. ATA (IL-8: 1.053; IL-6: 1.079; IL-10: 0.898; TNF-α: 0.493) and PES (0.973; 0.846; 0.468; 0.303) had the highest sieving coefficients, while PS (0.697; 0.100; 0.014; 0.012) and AN69 ST (N/A; 0.717; 0; 0.063) exhibited lower permeability. Long-term experiments revealed stronger fouling of the AN69 ST compared to the ATA membrane. We observed the highest permeability for the tested cytokines, the lowest thrombogenicity, and the lowest fouling with the ATA membrane. In CRRT, these factors may lead to increased therapy efficacy and lower incidence of coagulation-associated events.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/documents/N-509852.html