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Ion beam modification of single crystalline BiVO4

: Wendler, E.; Bischoff, M.; Schmidt, E.; Schrempel, F.; Ellmer, K.; Kanis, M.; Krol, R. van de


Nuclear instruments and methods in physics research, Section B. Beam interactions with materials and atoms 409 (2017), pp. 133-137
ISSN: 0168-583X
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IOF ()

A single crystalline BiVO4 sample was investigated. Angular resolved Rutherford backscattering spectrometry (arRBS) was performed as a function of two orthogonal angles perpendicular to the surface. The crystal planes appearing in the angular charts are compared with the crystal structure of monoclinic BiVO4. By this comparison the crystal axis being almost normal to the surface was identified to be〈0 0 1〉. These measurements support the control of orientation and quality of the grown BiVO4 crystal. Additionally it is found that during prolonged analysis the He ions produce a considerable amount of damage. As the nuclear energy loss of the He ions is negligibly low within the corresponding depth region, the damage is mainly caused by the electronic energy loss of the ions. For studying radiation resistance and damage formation, the BiVO4 single crystal was implanted with 200 keV Ar ions. The damage production in the Bi sublattice was analysed by RBS applying 1.8 MeV He ions in channelling configuration. The damage profiles determined from the channelling RBS spectra can be well represented by the electronic energy loss of the implanted Ar ions. From this it is concluded that, in agreement with the finding mentioned above, this energy mainly triggers damage formation in ion irradiated BiVO4. The energy for producing one displaced Bi atom as seen by RBS decreases with increasing damage concentration and varies between 33 and 3.4 eV.