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EEG-based mental workload and stress monitoring of crew members in maritime virtual simulator

: Lim, Wei Lun; Liu, Yisi; Subramaniam, Salem Chandrasekaran Harihara; Liew, Serene Hui Ping; Krishnan, Gopala; Sourina, Olga; Konovessis, Dimitrios; Ang, Hock Eng; Wang, Lipo


Gavrilova, Marina L. (Ed.):
Transactions on Computational Science XXXII : Special Issue on Cybersecurity and Biometrics; 2017 International Conference on Cyberworlds was hosted by the University of Chester, UK, during September 20-22, 2017
Berlin, Heidelberg, New York: Springer, 2018 (Lecture Notes in Computer Science 10830)
ISBN: 978-3-662-56671-8 (Print)
ISBN: 978-3-662-56672-5 (Online)
ISBN: 3-662-56671-0
International Conference on Cyberworlds (CW) <2017, Chester>
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IGD ()
Guiding Theme: Digitized Work; Research Area: Human computer interaction (HCI); Electroencephalography (EEG); human factor; neuroergonomic; stress; brain-computer interfaces (BCI)

Many studies have shown that most maritime accidents are attributed to human error as the initiating cause, resulting in a need for study of human factors to improve safety in maritime transportation. Among the various techniques, Electroencephalography (EEG) has the key advantage of high time resolution, with the possibility to continuously monitor brain states including human mental workload, emotions, stress levels, etc. In this paper, we proposed a novel mental workload recognition algorithm using deep learning techniques that outperformed the state-of art algorithms and successfully applied it to monitor crew members’ brain states in a maritime simulator. We designed and carried out an experiment to collect the EEG data, which was used to study stress and distribution of mental workload among crew members during collaborative tasks in the ship’s bridge simulator. The experiment consisted of two parts. In part 1, 3 maritime trainees fulfilled the tasks with and without an experienced captain. The results of EEG analyses showed that 2 out of 3 trainees had less workload and stress when the experienced captain was present. In part 2, 4 maritime trainees collaborated with each other in the simulator. Our findings showed that the trainee who acted as the captain had the highest stress and workload levels while the other three trainees experienced low workload and stress due to the shared work and responsibility. These results suggest that EEG is a promising evaluation tool applicable in human factors study for the maritime domain.