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Deriving the Principles of the Freeze Foaming Process by CT evaluation of Cellular Bioceramics

: Ahlhelm, Matthias; Werner, David; Kaube, Nils; Maier, Johanna; Abel, Johannes; Behnisch, Thomas; Moritz, Tassilo; Michaelis, Alexander; Gude, Maik

Fulltext urn:nbn:de:0011-n-5033518 (7.6 MByte PDF)
MD5 Fingerprint: b989befe3526e482994c95b31758f848
Created on: 24.7.2018

Ceramics. Online journal 1 (2018), No.1, pp.65-82
ISSN: 2571-6131
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG
Erarbeitung der Gesetzmäßigkeiten der Schaumstrukturbildung im Gefrierschäumprozess biokompatibler Keramikschäume
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IKTS ()
Freeze Foaming; Bioceramics; Foaming process; Computed Tomography; None destructive testing; Cellular ceramics

Freeze Foaming is a direct foaming method, which aims at manufacturing ceramic cellular scaffolds for diverse applications. Next to porous structures for a potential use as refractories the focus lies on potential bone replacement material. The main challenge of this foaming method is to achieve a homogeneous and predictable pore morphology. That is why, in a current project the authors report on the pore morphology formation and evolution of the very foaming process by means of nondestructive testing. This contribution primarily compares the effect of the suspension’s temperature on the resulting foam structure (foaming at 5 ° and 40 °C). As a basis for computed tomographic analysis, stable and reproducible model suspension were developed which resulted in reproducible foam structures. Characterized by viscosity, foam structure analyses and foaming rate, resulting Freeze Foams became adjustable with regard to their porosity and furthermore, influenceable with regard to their pore shape and size. Under certain conditions, we succeeded in achieving a relatively homogeneous pore structure proven by computed tomography-derived quantitative analysis.