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Measurement of in-mould shear rates by x-ray particle image velocimetry

: Uhlmann, E.; Hein, C.; Oberschmidt, D.

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European Society for Precision Engineering and Nanotechnology -EUSPEN-:
17th International Conference & Exhibition of the European Society for Precision Engineering and Nanotechnology, EUSPEN 2017 : 29th May – 2nd June 2017, Hannover, Germany
Bedford: Euspen, 2017
ISBN: 978-0-9957751-0-7
European Society for Precision Engineering and Nanotechnology (EUSPEN International Conference & Exhibition) <17, 2017, Hannover>
Conference Paper, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IPK ()

The manufacturing of large quantities of polymeric optical and micro-optical components becomes more and more important regarding industrial applications as MEMS devices, customer electronics or micro imaging systems. The relevant parameters for the qualification of polymeric micro optics as surface roughness, shape and positional tolerances, refractive index, molecular orientation, injection moulding process induced deviations and their connection to injection moulding parameters are largely known. The manufacturing of micro optics by micro injection moulding and associated with that, micro injection moulding machine tools with highly complex plastification and injection systems is far less understood. In particular, the influence of shear loads and temperature deviation on replication quality has not been fully investigated. The occurring shear rates during injection moulding lead to mechanical damage of the polymer on a molecular level and reduced optical functionality. This work presents an approach for in mould shear rate measurement by the use of a metrological computed tomography system. Using metal powder with a particle size 3 μm ≤ dp ≤ 5 μm as tracer particles, Polyetheretherketon (PEEK) as mould material, a Zeiss Metrotom 800 computer tomography system and a Babyplast injection unit, streamlines of polymer flow could be visualized. In accordance to optical particle image velocimetry (PIV), for each frame a matrix including particle position was calculated. The temporal shift of these positions lead to velocity gradients that allow the calculation of shear-rates . By reproducing relevant elements of injection units and mould structures, this works enables the profound investigation of fluid dynamics regarding micro injection moulding and the correlation between shear loads and polymer characteristics.