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Widely tunable, fully automated, all-fiber dual-color laser system for stimulated Raman imaging

 
: Gottschall, T.; Meyer, T.; Jauregui, C.; Just, F.; Eidam, T.; Schmitt, M.; Popp, J.; Limpert, J.; Tünnermann, A.

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Optical Society of America -OSA-, Washington/D.C.:
Advanced Solid State Lasers : Part of Laser Congress; 1-5 October 2017, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan
Washington, DC: OSA, 2017 (OSA Technical digest series)
ISBN: 978-0-9600380-7-7
Paper JTh2A.27
Advanced Solid State Lasers Conference (ASSL) <2017, Nagoya>
Laser Congress <2017, Nagoya>
English
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IOF ()

Abstract
The term coherent Raman scattering (CRS) summarizes imaging methods that do not only poses inherent 3D sectioning capabilities but also enables chemical sensitive detection of living tissue. Instead of relying on external markers that are potentially changing its behavior, CRS measures the vibration frequencies of the molecular bonds by the means of inelastic scattering known as Raman scattering. Among these techniques, stimulated Raman Scattering (SRS) has the advantage to be background-free but requires an extremely quiet, widely tunable dual-wavelength laser source. Up to now, such features could only be provided by large and sensitive laser systems that limited the used of this imaging modality to specialized laser laboratories. We present a compact all-fiber laser system, which features an optical parametric oscillator (OPO) based on degenerate four-wave mixing (FWM) in an endlessly single-mode photonic-crystal fiber. We employ an all-fiber frequency- and repetition-rate tunable laser in order to enable wideband conversion in the linear OPO cavity arrangement. The signal and idler radiation can be tuned between 764 and 960 nm and 1164 and 1552 nm at 9.5 MHz. Thus, all biochemically relevant Raman shifts between 922 and 3322 cm−1 may be addressed in combination with a secondary output, which is tunable between 1024 and 1052 nm. This ultra-low noise output emits synchronized pulses with twice the repetition rate to enable SRS imaging. We measure the relative intensity noise of this output beam at 9.5 MHz over the tuning range to be between −145 and −148 dBc, which is low enough to enable direct high-speed SRS imaging with a good signal-to-noise ratio without the use of balanced detection. The laser system is computer controlled to access a certain energy differences within one second. Combining FWM based conversion, with all-fiber Yb-based fiber lasers enables the construction of the first automated, turn-key and widely tunable fiber laser. This laser concept could be the missing piece to establish CRS imaging as a reliable guiding tool for clinical diagnostics and surgical guidance.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/documents/N-502829.html