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Two-phase flow pattern measurements with a wire mesh sensor in a direct steam generating solar thermal collector

 
: Berger, M.; Mokhtar, M.; Zahler, C.; Willert, D.; Neuhäuser, A.; Schleicher, E.

:

Al Obaidli, A. ; American Institute of Physics -AIP-, New York:
22nd SOLARPACES 2016, International Conference on Concentrating Solar Power and Chemical Energy Systems. Proceedings : 11-14 October 2016, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
New York, N.Y.: AIP Press, 2017 (AIP Conference Proceedings 1850)
ISBN: 978-0-7354-1522-5
Art. 070003, 8 pp.
International Conference on Solar Power and Chemical Energy Systems (SolarPACES) <22, 2016, Abu Dhabi>
English
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer ISE ()

Abstract
At Industrial Solar's test facility in Freiburg (Germany), two phase flow patterns have been measured by using a wire mesh sensor from Helmholtz Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf (HZDR). Main purpose of the measurements was to compare observed two-phase flow patterns with expected flow patterns from models. The two-phase flow pattern is important for the design of direct steam generating solar collectors. Vibrations should be avoided in the peripheral piping, and local dry-outs or large circumferential temperature gradients should be prevented in the absorber tubes. Therefore, the choice of design for operation conditions like mass flow and steam quality are an important step in the engineering process of such a project. Results of a measurement with the wire mesh sensor are the flow pattern and the plug or slug frequency at the given operating conditions. Under the assumption of the collector power, which can be assumed from previous measurements at the same collector and ada ption with sun position and incidence angle modifier, also the slip can be evaluated for a wire mesh sensor measurement. Measurements have been performed at different mass flows and pressure levels. Transient behavior has been tested for flashing, change of mass flow, and sudden changes of irradiation (cloud simulation). This paper describes the measurements and the method of evaluation. Results are shown as extruded profiles in top view and in side view. Measurement and model are compared. The tests have been performed at low steam quality, because of the limits of the test facility. Conclusions and implications for possible future measurements at larger collectors are also presented in this paper.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/documents/N-502631.html