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Solar tower cavity receiver aperture optimization based on transient optical and thermo-hydraulic modeling

: Schöttl, P.; Bern, G.; Rooyen, D.W. van; Heimsath, A.; Fluri, T.; Nitz, P.


Al Obaidli, A. ; American Institute of Physics -AIP-, New York:
22nd SOLARPACES 2016, International Conference on Concentrating Solar Power and Chemical Energy Systems. Proceedings : 11-14 October 2016, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates
New York, N.Y.: AIP Press, 2017 (AIP Conference Proceedings 1850)
ISBN: 978-0-7354-1522-5
Art. 030046, 10 pp.
International Conference on Solar Power and Chemical Energy Systems (SolarPACES) <22, 2016, Abu Dhabi>
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer ISE ()

A transient simulation methodology for cavity receivers for Solar Tower Central Receiver Systems with molten salt as heat transfer fluid is described. Absorbed solar radiation is modeled with ray tracing and a sky discretization approach to reduce computational effort. Solar radiation re-distribution in the cavity as well as thermal radiation exchange are modeled based on view factors, which are also calculated with ray tracing. An analytical approach is used to represent convective heat transfer in the cavity. Heat transfer fluid flow is simulated with a discrete tube model, where the boundary conditions at the outer tube surface mainly depend on inputs from the previously mentioned modeling aspects. A specific focus is put on the integration of optical and thermo-hydraulic models. Furthermore, aiming point and control strategies are described, which are used during the transient performance assessment. Eventually, the developed simulation methodology is used for the o ptimization of the aperture opening size of a PS10-like reference scenario with cavity receiver and heliostat field. The objective function is based on the cumulative gain of one representative day. Results include optimized aperture opening size, transient receiver characteristics and benefits of the implemented aiming point strategy compared to a single aiming point approach. Future work will include annual simulations, cost assessment and optimization of a larger range of receiver parameters.