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Designed materials by additive manufacturing - impact of exposure strategies and parameters on material characteristics of AlSi10Mg processed by laser beam melting

: Pfaff, Aron; Jäcklein, Martin; Hoschke, Klaus; Wickert, Matthias

Fulltext ()

Metals 8 (2018), No.7, Art. 491, 12 pp.
ISSN: 2075-4701
International Conference on Light Materials - Science and Technology (LightMAT) <2, 2017, Bremen>
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer EMI ()
laser beam melting; melt pool dimension; grain size; structured material; functionally graded material; designed material

The Laser Beam Melting (LBM) Additive Manufacturing technology for metal processing is based on the local application of an intense laser beam, causing a characteristic microstructure, which can achieve higher mechanical properties than conventionally manufactured equivalents. The material is created incrementally in sections that are processed with different manufacturing parameters. This paper proposes the creation of Designed Materials by varying the manufacturing parameters and exposure strategy in order to induce a gradient or a local change of properties by designing the microstructure. Such materials could also be created by changing the material topology on a micro-, meso-, or macro-scale, or on multiple scales at once. This enables systematic creation of material types like Functionally Graded Materials (FGMs), Metamaterials, or other Designed Materials, in which characteristics can be varied locally in order to create a customized material. To produce such materials by LBM, it is necessary to gain a detailed understanding about the influence of the manufacturing parameters. Experimental studies have been carried out to investigate the melt pool geometry and microstructure resulting from the exposure parameters. Based on the results, parameter sheets have been derived, which support the process of finding optimized parameter sets for a specific purpose. General methods and their ability to influence the material structure and properties were tested and evaluated. Furthermore, the resulting change of the microstructure was analyzed and a first Graded Material was generated and analyzed to show the potential and possibilities for Designed Materials on multiple scales by Laser Beam Melting.