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Green separation and characterization of fatty acids from solid wastes of leather industry in supercritical fluid CO2

: Önem, Ersin; Renner, Manfred; Prokein, Michael


Environmental science and pollution research international : ESPR 25 (2018), No.22, pp.22213-22223
ISSN: 0944-1344
ISSN: 1614-7499
Journal Article
Fraunhofer UMSICHT Oberhausen ()
tannery waste; leather; fleshing; fatty acid; separation; supercritical fluid; carbon dioxide

Considerable tannery waste is generated by leather industry around the world. Recovery of the value-added products as natural fats from the solid wastes gained interest of many researchers. In this study, supercritical fluid separation method was applied for the fatty acid isolation from leather industry solid wastes. Pre-fleshing wastes of the double-face lambskins were used as natural fat source. Only supercritical CO2 was used as process media without any solvent additive in high-pressure view cell equipment. The effect of different conditions was investigated for the best separation influence. The parameters of pressure (100 to 200 bar), temperature (40 to 80 °C), and time (1 to 3 h) were considered. Extraction yields and fat yields of the parameters were statistically evaluated after the processes. Maximum 78.57 wt% fat yield was obtained from leather industry fleshings in supercritical fluid CO2 at 200 bar, 80 °C, and 2 h. Morever, conventional Soxhlet and supercritical CO2 extracted fatty acids were characterized by using gas chromatography (GC) coupled with mass spectrometry (MS) and flame ionization detector (FID). Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) characterizations were also done. The results showed that supercritical fluid CO2 extraction was highly effective for the fat separation as green solvent and leather industry tannery wastes could be used for the value-added products.