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Two-phase dynamic modeling of PEMFCs and simulation of cyclo-voltammograms

: Ziegler, C.; Yu, H.M.; Schumacher, J.O.


Journal of the Electrochemical Society 152 (2005), No.8, pp.A1555-A1567
ISSN: 0013-4651
Journal Article
Fraunhofer ISE ()

A mathematical model is developed that is based on a coupled system of partial differential equations. The model contains a dynamic and two-phase description of the proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) and a membrane model that accounts for Schroeder's paradox. The mass transport in the gas phase and in the liquid phase is considered as well as the phase transition between liquid water and water vapor. The transport of charges and the electrochemical reactions are part of the model. A potential sweep experiment is simulated using the mathematical model and measured using a test cell with an active area of 1 cm(2). In this way, the dynamic effect of liquid water formation and transport on the current-voltage characteristic of the fuel cell is investigated. A hysteresis effect is found in the measured time-dependent current-voltage relation. The limiting current density is time-dependent. Qualitative agreement of simulated and measured results is achieved. An analysis of the observed hysteresis of the current-voltage characteristics, based on the modeling results, is given. (c) 2005 The Electrochemical Society.