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Numerical-experimental investigation of load paths in DP800 dual phase steel during Nakajima test

: Bergs, Thomas; Nick, Matthias; Feuerhack, Andreas; Trauth, Daniel; Klocke, Fritz


Fratini, Livan (Ed.) ; European Scientific Association for Material Forming:
21st International ESAFORM Conference on Material Forming, ESAFORM 2018. Proceedings : 23-25 April 2018, Palermo, Italy
Melville/NY: AIP Publishing, 2018 (AIP Conference Proceedings 1960)
ISBN: 978-0-7354-1663-5
Art. 160021, 6 pp.
International Conference on Material Forming (ESAFORM) <21, 2018, Palermo>
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG
Investigation of the Influence of Reversing Strokes on Work Piece Properties in Deep Drawing with Servo-Press Technology;
Influencing Damage in Deep Drawing
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IPT ()

Fuel efficiency requirements demand lightweight construction of vehicle body parts. The usage of advanced high strength steels permits a reduction of sheet thickness while still maintaining the overall strength required for crash safety. However, damage, internal defects (voids, inclusions, micro fractures), microstructural defects (varying grain size distribution, precipitates on grain boundaries, anisotropy) and surface defects (micro fractures, grooves) act as a concentration point for stress and consequently as an initiation point for failure both during deep drawing and in service. Considering damage evolution in the design of car body deep drawing processes allows for a further reduction in material usage and therefore body weight. Preliminary research has shown that a modification of load paths in forming processes can help mitigate the effects of damage on the material. This paper investigates the load paths in Nakajima tests of a DP800 dual phase steel to research damage in deep drawing processes. Investigation is done via a finite element model using experimentally validated material data for a DP800 dual phase steel. Numerical simulation allows for the investigation of load paths with respect to stress states, strain rates and temperature evolution, which cannot be easily observed in physical experiments. Stress triaxiality and the Lode parameter are used to describe the stress states. Their evolution during the Nakajima tests serves as an indicator for damage evolution. The large variety of sheet metal forming specific load paths in Nakajima tests allows a comprehensive evaluation of damage for deep drawing. The results of the numerical simulation conducted in this project and further physical experiments will later be used to calibrate a damage model for simulation of deep drawing processes.