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Adapted diffusion processes for effective forging dies

 
: Paschke, H.; Nienhaus, A.; Brunotte, K.; Petersen, T.; Siegmund, M.; Lippold, L.; Weber, M.; Mejauschek, M.; Landgraf, P.; Bräuer, G.; Behrens, B.-A.; Lampke, T.

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Fratini, Livan (Ed.) ; European Scientific Association for Material Forming:
21st International ESAFORM Conference on Material Forming, ESAFORM 2018. Proceedings : 23-25 April 2018, Palermo, Italy
Melville/NY: AIP Publishing, 2018 (AIP Conference Proceedings 1960)
ISBN: 978-0-7354-1663-5
Art. 040016, 6 pp.
International Conference on Material Forming (ESAFORM) <21, 2018, Palermo>
English
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IST ()

Abstract
Hot forging is an effective production method producing safety relevant parts with excellent mechanical properties. The economic efficiency directly depends on the occurring wear of the tools, which limits service lifetime. Several approaches of the presenting research group aim at minimizing the wear caused by interacting mechanical and thermal loads by using enhanced nitriding technology. Thus, by modifying the surface zone layer it is possible to create a resistance against thermal softening provoking plastic deformation and pronounced abrasive wear. As a disadvantage, intensely nitrided surfaces may possibly include the risk of increased crack sensitivity and therefore feature the chipping of material at the treated surface. Recent projects (evaluated in several industrial applications) show the high technological potential of adapted treatments: A first approach evaluated localized treatments by preventing areas from nitrogen diffusion with applied pastes or other coverages. Now, further ideas are to use this principle to structure the surface with differently designed patterns generating smaller ductile zones beneath nitrided ones. The selection of suitable designs is subject to certain geo-metrical requirements though. The intention of this approach is to prevent the formation and propagation of cracks under thermal shock conditions. Analytical characterization methods for crack sensitivity of surface zone layers and an accurate system of testing rigs for thermal shock conditions verified the treatment concepts. Additionally, serial forging tests using adapted testing geometries and finally, tests in the industrial production field were performed. Besides stabilizing the service lifetime and decreasing specific wear mechanisms caused by thermal influences, the crack behavior was influenced positively. This leads to a higher efficiency of the industrial production process and enables higher output in forging campaigns of industrial partners.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/documents/N-497051.html