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Femtosecond time-resolved optical pump-probe spectroscopy at kilohertz-scan-rates over nanosecond-time-delays without mechanical delay line

Zeitaufgelöste optische Pump-Probe Spektroskopie im Femtosekundenbereich bei Kilohertz Messraten mit Nanosekunden Verzögerungszeiten ohne mechanische Verzögerungsleitung
: Bartels, A.; Hudert, F.; Janke, C.; Dekorsy, T.; Köhler, K.


Applied Physics Letters 88 (2006), No.4, Art. 041117, 3 pp.
ISSN: 0003-6951
ISSN: 1077-3118
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IAF ()
III-V semiconductor; superlattice; optical spectroscopy; III-V Halbleiter; Übergitter; optische Spektroskopie

We demonstrate a technique for femtosecond time-resolved optical pump-probe spectroscopy that allows to scan over a nanosecond time delay at a kilohertz scan rate without mechanical delay line. Two mode-locked femtosecond lasers with approximately 1 GHz repetition rate are linked at a fixed difference frequency of Delta fR=11 kHz. One laser delivers the pump pulses, the other provides the probe pulses. The relative time delay is linearly ramped between zero and the inverse laser repetition frequency at a rate Delta fR, enabling high-speed scanning over a 1 ns time delay. The advantages of this method for all-optical pump-probe experiments become evident in an observation of coherent acoustic phonons in a semiconductor superlattice via transient reflectivity changes. A detection shot-noise limited signal resolution of 7×10(exp -8) is obtained with a total measurement time of 250 s. The time resolution is 230 fs.