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Ultraprecision and micro machine tools for micro cutting

: Brecher, C.; Wenzel, C.


Cheng, K.:
Micro-cutting. Fundamentals and applications
Chichester: Wiley, 2013
ISBN: 978-1-118-53660-5
ISBN: 978-0-470-97287-8
ISBN: 978-1-118-53663-6
ISBN: 978-1-118-53661-2
Book Article
Fraunhofer IPT ()

This chapter describes and compares the characteristic machine components for precision and ultra-precision machines. The main components defining the accuracy of a machine tool are the materials used for the machine structural elements and the moving components, the used guidance systems, the drive systems for linear and rotory positioning, the measurement systems and, of great influence on the overall performance, the used control systems with the associated amplifiers. One can find differences in the machine setup depending on the process, the envisaged part geometry, and on the required precision. The chapter provides a specific description of ultra-precision diamond turning machines. It also talks about auxiliary units such as fast tool servos and aspects of control units. The chapter covers milling machines starting with an overview on precision machine tools and their setup. It finally focuses on ultra-precision technology for precision milling of complex optical surfaces.