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Application of D-optimum experimental designs in consideration of restrictions for laser metal deposition

: Marko, Angelina; Graf, Benjamin; Gook, Sergej; Rethmeier, Michael

Global Nuclear Safety 24 (2017), No.3, pp.46-60
ISSN: 2305-414X (Print)
ISSN: 2499-9733 (Online)
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IPK ()
design of experiment; laser cladding; laser metal deposition; cladding parameter; additive manufacturing; repair welding

The process of laser metal deposition can be applied in many ways. Mostly, it is relevant to coating, for repair welding and for additive manufacturing. To increase the effectiveness and the productiveness, a good process understanding is necessary. Statistical test planning is effectual and often used for this purpose. For financial and temporal reasons, a restriction of the test space is reasonable. In this case, it is recommended to use a D-optimal experimental design which is practically applied to extend existing test plans or if process limits are known. This paper investigates the applicability of a D-optimum experimental design for the laser metal deposition. The results are compared to the current results of a full factorial test plan. Known restrictions are used for the limitation of the test space. Ti6Al4 is utilized as substrate material and powder. Comparable results of the D-optimal experimental design and of the full factorial test plan can be demonstrated. However, 80 % of time can be saved by the experimental procedure. For this reason, the application of D-optimal experimental design for laser metal deposition is recommend.