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RNA isolation from precision-cut lung slices (PCLS) from different species

 
: Niehof, Monika; Hildebrandt, Tobias; Danov, Olga; Arndt, Kirsten; Koschmann, Jeannette; Dahlmann, Franziska; Hansen, Tanja; Sewald, Katherina

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Fulltext urn:nbn:de:0011-n-4878753 (1.7 MByte PDF)
MD5 Fingerprint: dfcef7937504a959438177641c6aa9c1
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Created on: 6.4.2018


BMC research notes. Online journal 10 (2017), Art. 121, 10 pp.
http://www.biomedcentral.com/bmcresnotes/
ISSN: 1756-0500
English
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer ITEM ()
RNA extraction; RTqPCR; microarray; RNA quality; lung and heart tissue; lung material; ex vivo; organotypic tissue

Abstract
Background
Functional 3D organ models such as precision-cut lung slices (PCLS) have recently captured the attention of biomedical research. To enable wider implementation in research and development, these new biologically relevant organ models are being constantly refined. A very important issue is to improve the preparation of high-quality RNA (ribonucleic acid) from PCLS for drug discovery and development of new therapies. Gene expression analysis at different levels is used as an important experimental readout. Genome-wide analysis using microarrays is mostly applied for biomarker selection in disease models or in comprehensive toxicological studies. Specific biomarker testing by reverse transcriptase quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RTqPCR) is often used in efficacy studies. Both applications require high-quality RNA as starting material for the generation of reliable data. Additionally, a small number of slices should be sufficient for satisfactory RNA isolation to allow as many experimental conditions as possible to be covered with a given tissue sample. Unfortunately, the vast amount of agarose in PCLS impedes RNA extraction according to the standard procedures.
Results
We established an optimized protocol for RNA isolation from PCLS from humans, rats, mice, marmosets, and rhesus macaques based on the separation of lysis and precipitation steps and a magnetic-bead cleanup procedure. The resulting RNA is of high purity and possesses a high degree of integrity. There are no contaminations affecting RTqPCR efficiency or any enzymatic step in sample preparation for microarray analysis.
Conclusions
In summary, we isolated RNA from PCLS from different species that is well suited for RTqPCR and for microarray analysis as downstream applications.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/documents/N-487875.html