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Ultraviolet laser ablation as technique for defect repair of GaN‑based light‑emitting diodes

: Passow, Thorsten; Kunzer, Michael; Pfeuffer, Alexander; Binder, Michael; Wagner, Joachim


Applied physics. A 124 (2018), Art. 257, 5 pp.
ISSN: 0340-3793
ISSN: 0721-7250
ISSN: 0947-8396 (Print)
ISSN: 1432-0630 (Online)
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IAF ()

Defect repair of GaN-based light-emitting diodes (LEDs) by ultraviolet laser micromachining is reported. Percussion and helical drilling in GaN by laser ablation were investigated using 248 nm nanosecond and 355 nm picosecond pulses. The influence of laser ablation including different laser parameters on electrical and optical properties of GaN-based LED chips was evaluated. The results for LEDs on sapphire with transparent conductive oxide p-type contact on top as well as for thin-film LEDs are reported. A reduction of leakage current by up to six orders in magnitude and homogeneous luminance distribution after proper laser defect treatment were achieved.