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Josephson effects at iron pnictide superconductors: Approaching phase-sensitive experiments

: Schmidt, S.; Döring, S.; Hasan, N.; Schmidl, F.; Tympel, V.; Kurth, F.; Iida, K.; Ikuta, H.; Wolf, T.; Seidel, P.


Physica status solidi. B 254 (2017), No.1, Art. 1600165, 15 pp.
ISSN: 0031-8957
ISSN: 0370-1972
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG
SE 664/15-2
European Commission EC
FP7; 283141; IRON-SEA
Establishing the basic science and technology for Iron-based superconducting electronics applications
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IPMS ()

The electrical transport in the pnictides especially the quasiparticle tunnelling and Josephson effects in inhomogeneous superconducting systems can provide information on the symmetry of the order parameter. Different kinds of Josephson junctions with one or two pnictide electrodes were realised and their properties were experimentally studied in detail (e.g., current-voltage characteristics, microwave response, current-phase relations, dependencies on temperature and external magnetic field). These results were compared to well-known Josephson junctions and recent theories taking into account the special properties (multiband superconductivity, exotic pairing symmetry) of the pnictides. By combination of two junctions in different crystal directions with different barrier transparencies one forms corner junctions or SQUIDs as phase-sensitive devices. If the technological problems can be solved the investigations on such devices will finally clear up the symmetry of the pnictides, directly. These investigations will lead to a better understanding of fundamental properties of the pnictides as well as to a realistic judgement on the potential for applications of pnictides in superconducting electronics and sensor applications, both established ones and novel ones utilising the special pnictide properties.