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Four-Dimensional Trellis Coded Modulation for Flexible Optical Communications

: Alreesh, S.; Schmidt-Langhorst, C.; Emmerich, R.; Berenguer, P.W.; Schubert, C.; Fischer, J.K.


Journal of Lightwave Technology 35 (2017), No.2, pp.152-158
ISSN: 0733-8724
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG
GR 3774/2-2
Journal Article
Fraunhofer HHI ()

We experimentally investigate four-dimensional (4-D) Trellis coded modulation (TCM) based on polarization-division multiplexed (PDM) 16-ary quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM), PDM-32QAM, and PDM-64QAM formats. A multirate optical transponder is enabled by only a single-encoder/decoder structure. The scheme is resilient to cycle-slip events due to its 90 degrees phase rotation invariant property. In addition, the performance of 4-D turboTCM(TTCM) is investigated. The superior performance of TTCM over TCMis experimentally validated. Furthermore, the performance of 4-DTCM/TTCMis comparedwith standard PDM-mQAM formats combined with the soft-decision (SD) forward error correction (FEC) codes. It is shown that 4-DTCM-concatenated with a low-complexity hard-decision FEC could be an interesting candidate for complexity-performance tradeoff with SD-FEC.