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GPVI and Thromboxane Receptor on Platelets Promote Proinflammatory Macrophage Phenotypes during Cutaneous Inflammation

 
: Pierre, S.; Linke, B.; Suo, J.; Tarighi, N.; Turco, D. del; Thomas, D.; Ferreiros, N.; Stegner, D.; Frölich, S.; Sisignano, M.; Santos, S.M. dos; Debruin, N.; Nüsing, R.M.; Deller, T.; Nieswandt, B.; Geisslinger, G.; Scholich, K.

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The journal of investigative dermatology 137 (2017), No.3, pp.686-695
ISSN: 0022-202X
ISSN: 1523-1747
Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft DFG
SCHO817/3
English
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IME ()

Abstract
Platelets are well known for their role in hemostasis but are also increasingly recognized for their supporting role in innate immune responses. Here, we studied the role of platelets in the development of peripheral inflammation and found that platelets colocalize with macrophages in the inflamed tissue outside of blood vessels in different animal models for cutaneous inflammation. Collagen-treatment of macrophages isolated from paws during zymosan-induced inflammation induced thromboxane synthesis through the platelet expressed collagen receptor glycoprotein VI. Deletion of glycoprotein VI or its downstream effector thromboxane A2 receptor (TP) reduced zymosan-induced mechanical allodynia without altering macrophage recruitment or formation of macrophage/platelet complexes. Instead, macrophages in inflamed paws of glycoprotein VI- and TP-deficient mice exhibited an increased expression of anti-inflammatory markers and synthesized less proinflammatory mediators (prostaglandin E-2 and IL6). TP expression on platelets was necessary to mediate increased prostaglandin E2 and IL6 synthesis, whereas TP expression on macrophages was sufficient to decrease the expression of the anti-inflammatory macrophage marker CD206, showing that TP activation on platelets and macrophages regulates different aspects of macrophage activation.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/documents/N-480809.html