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3D Registration of Aerial and Ground Robots for Disaster Response: An Evaluation of Features, Descriptors, and Transformation Estimation

: Gawel, Abel; Dub, Renaud; Surmann, Hartmut; Nieto, Juan I.; Siegwart, Roland; Cadena, Cesar

Fulltext urn:nbn:de:0011-n-4803333 (2.7 MByte PDF)
MD5 Fingerprint: 06ad150678f7f9f2013193cbe1c867d1
Created on: 24.1.2018

Online im WWW, 2017, arXiv:1709.00587, 8 pp.
European Commission EC
FP7; 609763; TRADR
Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IAIS ()

Global registration of heterogeneous ground and aerial mapping data is a challenging task. This is especially difficult in disaster response scenarios when we have no prior information on the environment and cannot assume the regular order of man-made environments or meaningful semantic cues. In this work we extensively evaluate different approaches to globally register UGV generated 3D point-cloud data from LiDAR sensors with UAV generated point-cloud maps from vision sensors. The approaches are realizations of different selections for: a)local features: key-points or segments; b)descriptors: FPFH, SHOT, or ESF; and c) transformation estimations: RANSAC or FGR. Additionally, we compare the results against standard approaches like applying ICP after a good prior transformation has bee n given. The evaluation criteria include the distance which a UGV needs to travel to successfully localize, the registration error, and the computational cost. In this context, we report our findings on effectively performing the task on two new Search and Rescue datasets. Our results have the potential to help the community take informed decisions when registering point-cloud maps from ground robots to those from aerial robots.