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Hot forming of large spur gears

Warmumformung von Großverzahnungen
: Sterzing, Andreas; Lahl, Mike; Milbrandt, Matthias; Taubert, Anne Manuela; Landgrebe, Dirk

Fulltext ()

Procedia Engineering 207 (2017), pp.615–620
ISSN: 1877-7058
International Conference on Technology of Plasticity (ICTP) <2017, Cambridge>
Conference Paper, Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IWU ()
bulk metal forming; hot rolling; large spur gear

Forming processes are generally characterized by a high degree of material utilization as well as short process times and, consequently, a decent economic efficiency. Considering their application in the manufacturing of large spur gears, forming processes offer a significantly attractive characteristic for the production of essential gearing components commonly used in wind turbines or marine engines. Furthermore, the hot forming process can be defined as an incremental forming process which enables the use of relatively low forming forces and results in a more compact design of the used machines. These conveniences are utilized in terms of roll forming with round tools to form gears and threads in a competitive way. Based on experiences gained over many years of researching rolling technologies, a cross-rolling process characterized by round tools with outer gearings was elaborated to realize a hot forming process for gear rolling of large spur gears at the Fraunhofer IWU Chemnitz. Based on the already researched forming of smaller dimensioned gears, rolling trials utilizing a new hot-forming machinery - including defined inductive heating process before rolling - to realize large gears with outer diameters of up to 1000 millimeters were conducted. In terms of realizing this ambition, the derivation of the designated machine parameters for rolling large gears in real-life dimensions can be defined as a crucial factor. Consequently, the experimental research was followed by a mathematical analyzation of the forming forces, momenta as well as the necessary steps to determine the best possible scaling factors for the work pieces.