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Detailed modelling of building-integrated photovoltaics - from component and environmental data to the system output

: Eisenlohr, J.; Wilson, H.; Kuhn, T.


Smets, A.:
33rd European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition, EU PVSEC 2017 : Proceedings of the international conference held in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, 25 September - 29 September 2017
München: WIP, 2017
ISBN: 978-3-936338-47-8
ISBN: 3-936338-47-7
European Photovoltaic Solar Energy Conference and Exhibition (EU PVSEC) <33, 2017, Amsterdam>
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer ISE ()
Thermische Anlagen und Gebäudetechnik; Photovoltaik; Gebäudeenergietechnik; Photovoltaische Module und Kraftwerke; Gebäudehülle

Photovoltaic systems that are integrated into buildings face several challenges compared to freestanding PV plants. Besides their multi-functionality and a more complex construction process with the constraints given by a building and its facades and roof, BIPV systems are often geometrically very complex, leading to a more complicated electric circuit and effects like partial shading and hot spots. We addressed the complex electrical design with a detailed modeling approach that includes the relevant physical quantities to analyze the time-resolved yield of a BIPV system. This comprises the calculation of the time-resolved irradiance on each individual solar cell by raytracing, the temperature-dependent electric performance of each solar cell, the electrical interconnection including bypass and blocking diodes and the inverter behaviour. Beyond BIPV systems, our developed tools can also be beneficial for the planning of all PV systems, where partial shading occurs, e.g. for bifacial modules.