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Thermostabilization of the uronate dehydrogenase from Agrobacterium tumefaciens by semi-rational design

: Roth, Teresa; Beer, Barbara; Pick, André; Sieber, Volker

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AMB express 7 (2017), Art. 103, 9 pp.
ISSN: 2191-0855
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IGB ()
uronate dehydrogenase; glucuronic acid; agrobacterium tumefaciens; thermostability; B factor; neutral drift

Aldaric acids represent biobased ‘top value-added chemicals’ that have the potential to substitute petroleum-derived chemicals. Until today they are mostly produced from corresponding aldoses using strong chemical oxidizing agents. An environmentally friendly and more selective process could be achieved by using natural resources such as seaweed or pectin as raw material. These contain large amounts of uronic acids as major constituents such as glucuronic acid and galacturonic acid which can be converted into the corresponding aldaric acids via an enzyme-based oxidation using uronate dehydrogenase (Udh). The Udh from Agrobacterium tumefaciens (UdhAt) features the highest catalytic efficiency of all characterized Udhs using glucuronic acid as substrate (829 s−1 mM−1). Unfortunately, it suffers from poor thermostability. To overcome this limitation, we created more thermostable variants using semi-rational design. The amino acids for substitution were chosen according to the B factor in combination with four additional knowledge-based criteria. The triple variant A41P/H101Y/H236K showed higher kinetic and thermodynamic stability with a T50 15 value of 62.2 °C (3.2 °C improvement) and a ∆∆GU of 2.3 kJ/mol compared to wild type. Interestingly, it was only obtained when including a neutral mutation in the combination.