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Scientific Opinion addressing the state of the science on risk assessment of plant protection products for in-soil organisms

 
: Ockleford, Colin; Adriaanse, Paulien; Berny, Philippe; Brock, Theodorus; Duquesne, Sabine; Grilli, Sandro; Hernandez-Jerez, Antonio F.; Hougaard Bennekou, Susanne; Klein, Michael; Kuhl, Thomas; Laskowski, Ryszard; Machera, Kyriaki; Pelkonen, Olavi; Pieper, Silvia; Stemmer, Michael; Sundh, Ingvar; Teodorovic, Ivana; Tiktak, Aaldrik; Topping, Chris J.; Wolterink, Gerrit; Craig, Peter; de Jong, Frank; Manachini, Barbara; Sousa, Paulo; Swarowsky, Klaus; Auteri, Domenica; Arena, Maria; Smith, Rob

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Fulltext (PDF; )

EFSA Journal 15 (2017), No.2, Art. e04690, 225 pp.
ISSN: 1831-4732
English
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IME ()
in-soil invertebrate; microorganism; effect; pesticide; protection goal; risk assessment

Abstract
Following a request from EFSA, the Panel on Plant Protection Products and their Residues developed an opinion on the science behind the risk assessment of plant protection products for in-soil organisms. The current risk assessment scheme is reviewed, taking into account new regulatory frameworks and scientific developments. Proposals are made for specific protection goals for in-soil organisms being key drivers for relevant ecosystem services in agricultural landscapes such as nutrient cycling, soil structure, pest control and biodiversity. Considering the time-scales and biological processes related to the dispersal of the majority of in-soil organisms compared to terrestrial non-target arthropods living above soil, the Panel proposes that in-soil environmental risk assessments are made at in- and off-field scale considering field boundary levels. A new testing strategy which takes into account the relevant exposure routes for in-soil organisms and the potential direct and indirect effects is proposed. In order to address species recovery and long-term impacts of PPPs, the use of population models is also proposed.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/documents/N-474390.html