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Stability of effective lifetime of float-zone silicon wafers with AlOx surface passivation schemes under illumination at elevated temperature

: Niewelt, T.; Kwapil, W.; Selinger, M.; Richter, A.; Schubert, M.C.

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Energy Procedia 124 (2017), pp.146-151
ISSN: 1876-6102
International Conference on Crystalline Silicon Photovoltaics (SiliconPV) <7, 2017, Freiburg>
Journal Article, Conference Paper, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer ISE ()
Solarzellen - Entwicklung und Charakterisierung; Photovoltaik; Silicium-Photovoltaik; Charakterisierung von Prozess- und Silicium-Materialien; oxide passivation; silicon; soaking; stability

For solar cell application, the stability of interface passivation quality to in-field conditions is crucial. We have performed an experiment to test the resilience of different aluminium oxide based passivation schemes to illumination at 75 deg C. Different thermal treatments to activate the passivation and/or simulate contact firing were performed before light soaking. The experiment was performed on 1 omega cm float-zone silicon of both p- and n-type doping. The study demonstrates that good passivation quality can be achieved both by atomic layer deposition and by PECVD and that addition of silicon nitride capping layers greatly enhances thermal stability. On p-type wafers a severe but temporary degradation of the electrical quality of the wafer bulk was observed during the first hours upon application of such capping layers. Besides this effect, reasonable temporal stability of the effective lifetime was observed for p-type samples while n-type samples featured excellent l ong-term stability.