Hier finden Sie wissenschaftliche Publikationen aus den Fraunhofer-Instituten.

Standards on thermal comfort

: Kalz, D.E.; Pfafferott, J.


Kalz, D.E.; Pfafferott, J.:
Thermal comfort and energy-efficient cooling of nonresidential buildings
Cham: Springer International Publishing, 2014 (SpringerBriefs in applied sciences and technology)
ISBN: 978-3-319-04581-8 (Print)
ISBN: 978-3-319-04582-5 (Online)
DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-04582-5
Book Article
Fraunhofer ISE ()

International standards give criteria for thermal comfort based on the evaluation of room temperatures and their deviation from the comfort temperature. The static approach to thermal comfort is derived from the physics of heat transfer and combined with an empirical fit to sensation. It defines constant comfort temperatures for the summer and winter period considering different clothing. The adaptive comfort model considers the thermal sensation of the occupants and different actions in order to adapt to the thermal environment as well as variable expectations with respect to outdoor and indoor climate. The comfort temperature is dependent on the outdoor temperature. Though standards clearly define the static approach as general criterion and the adaptive approach as optional approach for naturally ventilated buildings only, the application in buildings with lowenergy cooling and strong users’ impact on the indoor environment is critically reviewed.