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Nanostructuring of polymer surfaces by magnetron plasma treatment

: Steiner, Cindy; Fichtner, Juliane; Fahlteich, John


Surface and coatings technology 336 (2018), pp.72-79
ISSN: 0257-8972
Society of Vacuum Coaters (Annual Technical Conference) <60, 2017, Providence/RI>
Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung BMBF
03V0224; OptiPerm
Journal Article, Conference Paper
Fraunhofer FEP ()
nanostructure; plasma etching; polymer surface; anti-reflection

Stochastic nanostructured polymer surfaces exhibit superior properties like enhanced antireflective behavior and soil-resistance as well as improved adhesion to adhesives and other coatings. This paper investigates and compares the nanostructure formation on the surface of different widely used polymers by means of a roll-to-roll reactive dual magnetron plasma etching process. The etching process induces formation of stochastic nanostructures on the surfaces. Structure shapes, texture and application relevant properties depend on the composition, morphology and crystallinity of the treated polymers. The impact on optical transmission increase and hydrophobic behavior of the surfaces is discussed. Nanostructured varnish coatings allow surface modification of inorganic surfaces that may not be etched directly in a plasma treatment. This paper therefore characterizes plasma etching of acrylic based varnish coatings on polymer webs. Structure formation is investigated in relation to surface active additive content in varnish material. Finally, outdoor stability of a nanostructured ETFE surface is shown in a 24. month outdoor weathering test in central Europe.