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Interpretable matrix factorization with stochasticity constrained nonnegative DEDICOM

: Sifa, R.; Ojeda, C.; Cvejoski, K.; Bauckhage, C.

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Leyer, M.:
Lernen, Wissen, Daten, Analysen, LWDA 2017. Conference Proceedings. Online resource : Rostock, Germany, September 11-13, 2017
Rostock, 2017 (CEUR Workshop Proceedings 1917)
Conference "Lernen, Wissen, Daten, Analysen" (LWDA) <2017, Rostock>
Conference Paper, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IAIS ()

Decomposition into Directed Components (DEDICOM) is a special matrix factorization technique to factorize a given asymmetric similarity matrix into a combination of a loading matrix describing the latent structures in the data and an asymmetric affinity matrix encoding the relationships between the found latent structures. Finding DEDI- COM factors can be cast as a matrix norm minimization problem that requires alternating least square updates to find appropriate factors. Yet, due to the way DEDICOM reconstructs the data, unconstrained factors might yield results that are difficult to interpret. In this paper we de- rive a projection-free gradient descent based alternating least squares algorithm to calculate constrained DEDICOM factors. Our algorithm constrains the loading matrix to be column-stochastic and the affinity matrix to be nonnegative for more interpretable low rank representations. Additionally, unlike most of the available approximate solutions for finding the loading matrix, our approach takes the entire occurrences of the loading matrix into account to assure convergence. We evaluate our algorithm on a behavioral dataset containing pairwise asymmetric associations between variety of game titles from an online platform.