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Hybrid AC/DC post contingency power flow algorithm considering control interaction of asynchronous area

: Hennig, T.; Hofmann, L.


IEEE transactions on power delivery 33 (2018), No.1, pp.340-348
ISSN: 0885-8977
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IWES ()

This contribution presents an approach for the calculation and estimation of control interactions between asynchronous power systems coupled via multi-terminal High-Voltage Direct Current (HVDC) grids using static analysis methods. This aims at possible application within online security assessment where, as of today, static analysis methods are still a common practice. Therefore, the post-contingency power flow is evaluated using an integrated approach for the solution of AC and DC system in the power flow algorithm. Thereby, equations for DC voltage control and AC frequency control of converter stations, generators, loads as well as wind turbines with frequency support are embedded into the extended system Jacobian. The results show that, using the proposed approach, the post-contingency power flow situation can be accurately determined and the frequency changes in each of the sub-systems can be sufficiently tracked. Using an application example of an offshore power system with frequency support by offshore wind turbines, all results have been validated against dynamic simulation, while simulation models and controllers are provided. It is shown that active power balancing controls of AC and DC systems could have high impact on line loadings and need to be respected for security analyses.