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Bi2Te3: Structural modulations in epitaxially grown superlattices and bulk materials

 
: Peranio, N.; Eibl, O.; Nurnus, J.

Yang, J. ; Materials Research Society -MRS-:
Materials and technologies for direct thermal-to-electric energy conversion : Symposium held November 28 - December 2, 2005, Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.A.; Symposium F, held at the 2005 MRS fall meeting
Warrendale, Pa.: MRS, 2006 (Materials Research Society Symposium Proceedings 886)
ISBN: 1-558-99840-3
Paper 0886-F04-07
Symposium F: Materials and Technologies for Direct Thermal-to-Electric Energy Conversion <2005, Boston/Mass.>
Materials Research Society (Fall Meeting) <2005, Boston/Mass.>
English
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IPM ()

Abstract
Multiquantum well structures of Bi2Te3 are predicted to show an enhancement of the thermoelectric figure of merit ZT. Electron-conducting Bi2Te3 thin films and superlattices (SL) with a period of 12 nm were epitaxially grown on BaF2 substrates by molecular beam epitaxy. The microstructure was investigated by transmission electron microscopy. The SL could be imaged with strong contrast yielding a period of 12.0pm0.5 nm. The SL is slightly bent with an amplitude of 30 nm and a wavelength of 400 nm. Threading dislocations were found with a density of 2·10 9 cm-2. The SL interfaces are strongly bent close to threading dislocations, und isturbed regions have a maximum lateral size of 500 nm. A structural modulation (nns) with a wave length of 10 nm was found in Bi2Te3 thin films, superlattices and bulk materials. The structural modulation is found to be of general character for Bi2Te3 materials and is superimposed to the average structure. It was analysed in detail by stereomicroscopy in bulk material yielding a pure structural modulation with a displacement vector parallel to [5,-5,1] and a wave vector parallel to (1,0,10). The investigations showed the presence of none, one or two (nns). The number of (nns) and thereby the thermoelectric properties might be controlled by the growth parameters. Phonons should be scattered on the sinusoidal strain field of the (nns) yielding (i) a significantly decreased thermal conductivity, (ii) a reduced dimensionality and (iii) anisotropic transport coefficients in the basal plane.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/documents/N-47071.html