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Mask aligner lithography using laser illumination for versatile pattern generation

 
: Weichelt, T.; Bourgin, Y.; Zeitner, U.D.

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Optics Express 25 (2017), No.18, pp.20983-20992
ISSN: 1094-4087
English
Journal Article, Electronic Publication
Fraunhofer IOF ()

Abstract
Mask aligner lithography is a well-established back-end fabrication process in microlithography. Within the last few years, resolution enhancement techniques have been transferred and adapted from projection lithography to further develop mask aligner lithography, especially concerning achievable resolution. Nonetheless, current technology using a mercury vapor lamp as a light source has reached its limits, e.g. for high-resolution pattering. Within this paper, we present the extension of the existing mask aligner illumination system by replacing the mercury vapor lamp with a solid-state laser. Full-field mask aligner lithography is guaranteed by a rotating diffuser expanding the laser beam and minimizing undesired speckle effects. An additional integrated galvanometer scanner allows a flexible choice of arbitrary angular spectrum distributions of the photomask illumination. We show versatile results like simple binary patterns of squares and triangles, as well as a more complex lateral shape like a blazed grating.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/documents/N-470678.html