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Reduction of supercooling in paraffin phase change slurry by polyvinyl alcohol

Réduction de la surfusion dans le coulis de paraffine à changement de phase par l'utilisation d'alcool polyvinylique
: Hagelstein, G.; Gschwander, S.


International journal of refrigeration 84 (2017), pp.67-75
ISSN: 0140-7007
Journal Article
Fraunhofer ISE ()
Thermische Anlagen und Gebäudetechnik; phase change slurry; supercooling; Gebäudeenergietechnik; Thermische Speicher für Gebäude

Dispersed phase change materials (PCM) tend to supercool due to absence of nucleation promoting surfaces. Surfactants stabilizing phase change slurries (PCS) offer a useful surface to catalysing nucleation at the particle interface. Temperature dependent X-ray diffraction (XRD) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) analysis were used to investigate the crystallization of n–octadecane-water-slurries stabilized by common used surfactants (Triton X100, Tween60 and Span60) as well as by several polyvinyl alcohols (PVA) differing in degree of hydrolyses and polymerization. With PVA supercooling of these phase change slurries is reduced from 12 K down to 2 K independent of the particle size, whereas other surfactants reduce supercooling by 2 K. The results are discussed by taking into account nucleation acceleration through PVA crystals which are partially formed at the paraffin-water interface. The results show that PVA combines the two functionalities to act as surfactant and as nucleating agents in paraffin slurries.