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Dermal uptake of benzophenone‑3 from clothing

: Morrison, G.C.; Bekö, G.; Weschler, C.J.; Schripp, T.; Salthammer, T.; Hill, J.; Andersson, A.-M.; Toftum, J.; Clausen, G.; Frederiksen, H.


Environmental science and technology 51 (2017), No.19, pp.11371-11379
ISSN: 0013-936X
EISSN: 1520-5851
Journal Article
Fraunhofer WKI ()

Benzophenone-3 (also known as BP-3 or oxybenzone) is added to sunscreens, plastics, and some coatings to filter UV radiation. The suspected endocrine disruptor BP-3 has been detected in the air and settled dust of homesand is expected to redistribute from its original sources to other indoor compartments, including clothing. Given its physical and chemicalproperties, we hypothesized that dermal uptake from clothing could contribute to the body burden of this compound. First, cotton shirts were exposed to air at an elevated concentration of BP-3 for 32 days; the final air concentration was 4.4 μg/m³. Next, three participants wore the exposed shirts for 3 h. After 3 h of exposure, participants wore their usual clothing during the collection of urine samples for the next 48 h. Urine was analyzed for BP-3,a metabolite (BP-1), and six other UV filters. The rate of urinary excretion of the sum of BP-1 and BP-3 increased for all participants during and following the 3 hof exposure. The summed mass ofBP-1and BP-3 excreted during the first 24 h attributable to wearing exposed t-shirts were 12, 9.9, and 82μg for participants 1, 2, and 3, respectively. Analysis of these results, coupled with predictions of steady-state models, suggest that dermal uptake of BP-3 from clothing could meaningfully contribute to overall body burden.