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Change classification in SAR time series: A functional approach

: Boldt, Markus; Thiele, Antje; Schulz, Karsten; Hinz, Stefan


Michel, Ulrich (Ed.) ; Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers -SPIE-, Bellingham/Wash.:
Earth Resources and Environmental Remote Sensing/GIS Applications VIII : 11-14 September 2017, Warsaw, Poland
Bellingham, WA: SPIE, 2017 (Proceedings of SPIE 10428)
ISBN: 978-1-5106-1320-1
Paper 1042802, 11 pp.
Conference "Earth Resources and Environmental Remote Sensing/GIS Applications" <8, 2017, Warsaw>
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IOSB ()
NAT; synthetic aperture radar; TerraSAR-X; change detection; classification; categorization

Change detection represents a broad field of research in SAR remote sensing, consisting of many different approaches. Besides the simple recognition of change areas, the analysis of type, category or class of the change areas is at least as important for creating a comprehensive result. Conventional strategies for change classification are based on supervised or unsupervised landuse / landcover classifications. The main drawback of such approaches is that the quality of the classification result directly depends on the selection of training and reference data. Additionally, supervised processing methods require an experienced operator who capably selects the training samples. This training step is not necessary when using unsupervised strategies, but nevertheless meaningful reference data must be available for identifying the resulting classes. Consequently, an experienced operator is indispensable. In this study, an innovative concept for the classification of changes in SAR time series data is proposed. Regarding the drawbacks of traditional strategies given above, it copes without using any training data. Moreover, the method can be applied by an operator, who does not have detailed knowledge about the available scenery yet. This knowledge is provided by the algorithm. The final step of the procedure, which main aspect is given by the iterative optimization of an initial class scheme with respect to the categorized change objects, is represented by the classification of these objects to the finally resulting classes. This assignment step is subject of this paper.