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On the interplay of morphology and electronic conductivity of rotationally spun carbon fiber mats

: Opitz, M.; Go, D.; Lott, P.; Müller, S.; Stollenwerk, J.; Kuehne, A.; Roling, B.


Journal of applied physics 122 (2017), No.10, Art. 105104, 8 pp.
ISSN: 0021-8979
ISSN: 1089-7550
Journal Article
Fraunhofer ILT ()

Carbon-based materials are used as electrode materials in a wide range of electrochemical applications, e.g., in batteries, supercapacitors, and fuel cells. For these applications, the electronic conductivity of the materials plays an important role. Currently, porous carbon materials with complex morphologies and hierarchical pore structures are in the focus of research. The complex morphologies influence the electronic transport and may lead to an anisotropic electronic conductivity. In this paper, we unravel the influence of the morphology of rotationally spun carbon fiber mats on their electronic conductivity. By combining experiments with finite-element simulations, we compare and evaluate different electrode setups for conductivity measurements. While the “bar-type method” with two parallel electrodes on the same face of the sample yields information about the intrinsic conductivity of the carbon fibers, the “parallel-plate method” with two electrodes on opposite faces gives information about the electronic transport orthogonal to the faces. Results obtained for the van-der-Pauw method suggest that this method is not well suited for understanding morphology-transport relations in these materials.