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Optimization of ESC performance for co-electrolysis operation

 
: Trofimenko, Nikolai; Kusnezoff, Mihails; Michaelis, Alexander

:

Singhal, S.C. ; Electrochemical Society -ECS-:
Solid oxide fuel cells 15 (SOFC-XV)
Pennington, NJ: ECS, 2017 (ECS transactions 78, Nr.1)
ISBN: 978-1-60768-815-0
ISBN: 978-1-62332-457-5
pp.3025-3037
International Symposium on Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC) <15, 2017, Hollywood/Fla.>
English
Journal Article, Conference Paper
Fraunhofer IKTS ()

Abstract
Production of synthetic hydrocarbon fuels from co-electrolysis of steam/CO2 mixtures using renewable energy has been already presented as a promising solution to diminish environmental problems. The possibility to recycle CO2 into chemicals and value-added fuels helps to reduce the accumulation of atmospheric CO2 and realize the carbon neutral cycling of fuels. While the co-electrolysis is more complicated than steam electrolysis, the electrochemical performance of electrolyte supported cell with LSMM'/ScSZ and Ni/GDC electrodes was investigated over a wide range of operating conditions (SOEC as well as SOFC), varying the ratio of H2O:H2 and CO2:CO, the operating temperature (750-850°C) and current. The modified standard SOFC cell with optimized fuel and air electrodes was successfully tested for ∼2400 hours at 803°C under co-electrolysis conditions (H2/H2O/CO2/CO mixture as fuel, j = -400 mA/cm2). The calculated linear power degradation rate over all durability test (∼2400 h) is about 0.4%/1,000 h.

: http://publica.fraunhofer.de/documents/N-464724.html