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Effect of parylene C coating on the antibiocorrosive and mechanical properties of different magnesium alloys

: Surmeneva, M.A.; Vladescu, A.; Cotrut, C.M.; Tyurin, A.I.; Pirozhkova, T.S.; Shuvarin, I.A.; Elkin, B.; Oehr, C.; Surmenev, R.A.


Applied surface science 427 (2018), Pt.A, pp.617-627
ISSN: 0169-4332
Journal Article
Fraunhofer IGB ()

In this paper, parylene C coating with the thickness of 2 μm was deposited on different magnesium alloy substrates (AZ31, WE43 and AZ91). The structure and phase composition of parylene C coating was analysed by Fourier transformed infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction (XRD). In addition, extensive surface characterization was done using atomic force microscopy. The corrosion performance of polymer-coated magnesium alloys was investigated by electrochemical measurements in Hanks’ balanced salts solution that simulates bodily fluids at 37 ± 0.5 °C. The depth-dependent mechanical properties including Young’s modulus and nanohardness of parylene C films were investigated using nanoindentation technique. The effect of the penetration depth on the properties on nano- and microscale level have been described in detail. The percentage of elastic recovery was used to characterize the elastic properties of the polymeric coatings. The results of XRD showed (020) preferred orientation of the monoclinic unit cell of the alpha phase of parylene C. The parylene C revealed a semicrystalline structure with nanocrystalline blocks of 4.9 nm. The parylene C film shows a uniform surface morphology with a higher roughness level at micro and nanoscales compared to magnesium alloy surfaces. All of the uncoated substrates exhibited a low corrosion resistance compared to the coated samples, indicating that the corrosion resistance of the magnesium alloys could be improved by parylene C coating. The resulting average nanohardness and Young’s modulus of the parylene C coatings deposited onto different substrates were in the range of 0.18–0.25 GPa and 4.19–5.14 GPa, respectively. Furthermore, a higher percentage of elastic recovery of the polymer coating indicated a higher elasticity as compared to the magnesium alloy surface. The polymer coating has revealed the ability to recover elastically. Therefore, parylene C coating can not only improve corrosion resistance, but also provide the ability to recover elastically, expanding the potential applications of this material to include various biointerface platforms.