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Analysis of multiuser MIMO systems with MMSE receiver based on worst case noise

: Jorswieck, E.A.; Boche, H.; Schubert, M.


Informationstechnische Gesellschaft -ITG-; IEEE Signal Processing Society; TU München, Lehrstuhl für Netzwerktheorie und Signalverarbeitung:
ITG Workshop on Smart Antennas 2004. Proceedings : March 18th - 19th 2004, Munich University of Technology, Germany
Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Operations Center, 2004
ISBN: 0-7803-8327-3
Workshop on Smart Antennas <2004, München>
Conference Paper
Fraunhofer HHI ()

The performance of a cellular multiuser MIMO system depends on various parameters, e.g. the system structure, the transmitter and receiver strategy, the channel state information at the transmitter and the receiver, and the channel properties. Recently, the main focus of research was on single-user MIMO systems and its capacity and its error performance with spacetime coding. In general, the performance of the cellular multiuser MIMO system is limited by additive white Gaussian noise, intracell interference from other users within the cell, and by intercell interference from users outside the considered cell. In our analysis, the base applies a MMSE receiver. Therefore, we choose the normalised MSE as the performance metric of the wireless system. We study one point-to-point link, on which interference act. The interference models the different system scenarios and various parameters. Therefore, we consider three scenarios in which the noise is subject to different constraints. A general trace constraint is used in the first scenario. The noise covariance matrix eigenvalues are kept fixed in the second scenario, and in the third scenario the entries on the diagonal of the noise covariance matrix are kept fix. We assume that the receiver as well as the transmitter have perfect channel state information. We solve the corresponding minimax programming problems and characterise the worst case noise and the optimal transmit strategy. In all scenarios the normalised MSE of the MIMO system with worst case noise is equal to the MSE of some MIMO system in which either the channels are orthogonal or the transmit antennas are not allowed to cooperate or in which no channel state information is available at the transmitter. Furthermore, the minimax expressions fulfill a saddle point property. All theoretical results are illustrated by examples and numerical simulations.